Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Obesity can be preventable through a combination of social changes and personal choices. Diet plan and exercising are the main treatments. Diet quality can be improved by doing less consumption of energy-dense foods, such as those high in fat or sugars, and by increasing the intake of Fibrous food and rich in all type of protein.  Various ways can be adopted to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption by Medications, along with a suitable diet. If these ways such as diet, exercise, and medication are not effective, a gastric balloon or surgery may be performed to reduce stomach volume or length of the intestines, leading to feeling full earlier or reduce the ability to absorb nutrients from food.

A metabolic disorder occurs when the metabolism process of the body fails and causes the body to have either too much or too little of the essential substances that are required to stay healthy. Metabolic disorders can take place in various forms i.e. a missing enzyme or vitamin, an amino acid that's required for an important chemical reaction, abnormal chemical reactions that hinder metabolic processes and disease in the liver, pancreas, endocrine glands, or other organs involved in metabolism Nutritional deficiencies.

Metabolic disorders can be present at birth, and many can be identified by routine screening of the body. If a metabolic disorder is not identified in the early stage, then it may be diagnosed later in life, when symptoms appear. The genetic metabolic disorders can be diagnosed by specific blood and DNA test. The gut microbiota, which is a population of microorganisms that live in the human digestive track, also has an important part in metabolism and generally has a positive function for its host where they live. In terms of pathophysiological/mechanism interactions, the abnormal gut microbiome can play a role in metabolic disorder related to obesity.

 

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